Акушерство и гинекология. Спецвыпуск. 2024

Obstetrics and gynecology

News, Opinions, Training

Included into the List of the leading peer-reviewed journals and editions which are recommended by the State Commission for Academic Degrees and Titles of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation for the publication of its results for competition of an academic degree of the candidate and doctor of science.

Topic number
Спецвыпуск . 2024
Original researches

Ways of maternal mortality risk reduction in critical obstetric conditions

Critical obstetric conditions can be fatal. The aim of the study was to determine ways of maternal mortality risk reduction in patients with critical obstetric conditions including those associated with great obstetric syndromes (GOS). Material and methods . The

Clinical and morphological parallels of the consistency of the uterine scar after cesarean section

In recent years, the circle of supporters of the management of childbirth in patients with an operated uterus through the natural birth canal has been expanding. An attempt at vaginal delivery can protect a woman from complications associated with repeated surgery, but

New prognostic markers of preeclampsia and anemia in obese pregnant women

The aim of the study was to identify new prognostic markers of preeclampsia and anemia in obese women. Material and methods. A prospective cohort study was conducted, which included 159 pregnant women at full–term gestation (37.0–41.0 weeks). The 1 st group

Cervicometry is the only method for prediction and diagnosis of threatened preterm birth

Lack of understanding of the pathogenesis of preterm birth leads to frequent overdiagnosis and polypharmacy: unnecessary hospitalizations, antenatal use of glucocorticosteroids, and prescription of tocolytics. The only barrier to unreasonable interventions is the thesis in

Effectiveness of antenatal prevention of respiratory distress syndrome

Aim. The main problem of a premature newborn is lung immaturity, which contributes to the development of fetal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). The current consensus on its antenatal prevention prescribes administration of glucocorticoids to pregnant women with a high

Neural network modeling in the prediction and prevention of perineal trauma in childbirth

The aim of the study was to development a model for predicting perineal trauma in labor based on artificial intelligence and a comprehensive method of its prevention using non-drug methods. Material and methods. The retrospective analysis of 994 delivery histories was

Hysteroscopic predictors of recurrent endometrial polyps in reproductive age

Endometrial polyps are a common condition in women of reproductive age, but their pathogenesis remains unclear. Despite their often asymptomatic course, polyps are associated with menstrual irregularities and infertility. The recurrence rate after polypectomy, according to

Recurrent intrauterine synechiae in reproductive age. Hysteroscopic predictors

Intrauterine synechiae is a multifactorial polygenic syndrome with various forms of clinical determinants – from asymptomatic to complete/absolute infertility and complications of implantation/gestation. The aim of the study was to identify hysteroscopic predictors of

Hysteroscopic picture of recurrent endometrial hyperplasia without atypia in women of reproductive age

The aim of the study was to establish the most informative hysteroscopic signs of recurrent endometrial hyperplasia without atypia in women of reproductive age. Material and methods. A prospective analysis of 89 patients of reproductive age was performed on the basis of the

Sexual function and quality of life of women using combined oral contraceptives based on esthetrol and drospirenone

Combined oral contraceptives (COCs) are one of the most convenient, common and effective methods of hormonal contraception. However, often during the use of COCs, adverse events may occur, one of which is impairment/decrease in sexual function. A high level of quality of

Pathogenesis of implantation failures in infertility associated with adenomyosis

The aim of the study w as to expand the understanding of the pathogenesis of implantation failu r e in infertility due to adenom y osis. Design: an open, p r ospective, comparative clinical and morphologic study w as conducted. Material and methods. Fifty-seven w omen of r e

The value of a comprehensive diagnosis of pelvic floor insufficiency

Background. Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is an important medical and social problem of our time, inevitably leading to a reduction in the quality of life. All cases of genital prolapse are based on pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD), which can exist for a long time without

Clinical and anamnestic predictors of rectocele in women of reproductive age

Rectocele is a common condition that reduces quality of life for many women. Given the negative impact of this condition on the health and quality of life of the female population, studying risk factors is fundamentally important – both for early diagnosis of rectocele

The role of microRNAs in the pathogenesis of recurrent uterine leiomyomas

The aim of the study was to determine the epigenetic determinants of recurrent uterine leiomyoma at reproductive age patients. Material and methods. The study included 66 patients who were divided into two groups: I – 42 patients who underwent myomectomy, of which 18

Late preterm birth: risk factors, prognosis, risk management (review 2018–2023)

The FIGO Congress (2018) identified preterm birth as an unresolved problem that cannot be solved by modern methods. Prospects lie in revealing the mechanism of premature birth, as well as in the development and implementation of effective practices for preventing distress

Prediction of late preterm spontaneous delivery

The problem of late premature labor occupies a leading position in modern obstetrics and perinatology. Currently, there is no single opinion and no identical approaches in predicting late premature spontaneous labor. This prevents the creation of a single algorithm of

Severe preeclampsia. Prediction of induced preterm birth

Hypertensive disorders during pregnancy, mainly preeclampsia, occupy a leading position in the structure of causes of induced preterm birth. Prognostic models can be decisive in the early diagnosis of indications for induced preterm birth in preeclampsia. In the article, the

Overview of the current state of uterine peristalsis (literature review)

The following literature review provides up-to-date data on endometrial peristalsis, as well as its role in embryo implantation processes. The analysis of anatomical and physiological features, as well as hormonal and biologically active substances affecting the contraction

Features of early reproductive losses in obese women

Obesity, being the main non-infectious pandemic of the 21 st century, is associated with a wide range of obstetric and perinatal complications. The problem of early pregnancy in patients with excess adipose tissue is the high frequency of early reproductive losses in the

Pregnancy, childbirth and perinatal outcomes in metabolic syndrome

Over the past decade rates of metabolic syndrome have increased significantly worldwide and in most countries around the world this non-communicable disease has become a major health threat in the modern world. The article discusses complications of pregnancy, labor, the

Modern risk paradigm for atypical endometrial hyperplasia: predictive capabilities

The aim was to summarize modern ideas about risk factors, clinical picture, possibilities of early diagnosis and personal prognosis of the risk of atypical endometrial hyperplasia. Material and methods. An analytical review of scientific publications in scientometric

Hysteroscopic diagnosis of endometrial polyps associated with chronic endometritis

The review examines the problem of diagnosing endometrial polyps associated with chronic endometritis. The pathogenetic relationship between these conditions and their role in the development of reproductive disorders are discussed. The main focus is on the capabilities of

Criteria of metabolic disorders in the prediction of gestational diabetes mellitus: analytical review

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes, as well as with the subsequent risk of developing diabetes mellitus and several other diseases. Modern methods for diagnosing GDM detect the disease when pancreatic β -cell

Management of postpartum haemorrhage using “vacuum hemastop” technology

Postpartum hemorrhage as a cause of maternal mortality consistently occupies a leading place in the world (27.1%, 3/4 of them are postpartum) and leads the so-called “big five” causes of maternal mortality. In cases of severe postpartum hemorrhage, most deaths

Urosepsis in the practice of an obstetric-gynecologist

Background. Sepsis remains one of the most important clinical problems in the world, causing high morbidity and mortality. Among all forms of sepsis, urosepsis accounts for 31.4%. Urosepsis is a severe infectious and inflammatory process that develops as a result of

Immunomodulatory drug in preconception period


All articles in our journal are distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0 license)

Sukhikh Gennadii Tikhonovich
Academician of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, V.I. Kulakov Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology National Medical Research Center of Ministry of Healthсаre of the Russian Federation, Moscow
Kurtser Mark Arkadievich
Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, MD, Professor, Head of the Obstetrics and Gynecology Subdepartment of the Pediatric Department, N.I. Pirogov Russian National Scientific Research Medical University, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation
Radzinsky Viktor Evseevich
Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, MD, Professor, Head of the Subdepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology with a Course of Perinatology of the Medical Department in the Russian People?s Friendship University

Journals of «GEOTAR-Media»